What Are the Causes of Gum Disease?

What Are the Causes of Gum Disease?

Gum disease is a common dental problem that affects most people at some point in their lives. Gum disease is caused by bacteria and plaque buildup along the gum line. If it's left untreated, this condition can lead to tooth decay, tooth sensitivity, and even tooth loss. The signs and symptoms of gum disease can range from mild to severe. So, it is essential to visit our dentist in Turlock or our dentist in Modesto when you start seeing the first signs of gum disease.

The common factors that result in this dental condition include:

Poor Oral Hygiene

Poor oral hygiene is the number one cause of gum disease. If you neglect to brush or floss your teeth, the plaque and tartar on your teeth will build up. This will lead to gum disease and tooth loss.

If you neglect to brush and floss your teeth, you'll need to undergo deep cleaning. This is where our dentist will use special tools to remove the plaque and tartar from your teeth.


Many people simply have genetics that makes their gums more vulnerable to gum disease. If your parents or grandparents experienced gum disease, you might be more likely to as well.

That doesn't mean that gum disease is inevitable, though. You can take steps to lower your risk of gum disease. Brushing and flossing regularly, along with making dental appointments every six months, can help you keep your gums and teeth healthy.

Tobacco Use

Using tobacco products increases your risk of developing gum disease. The CDC estimates that 87% of cigarette smokers have periodontitis. Tobacco products can also cause oral cancer, which is the sixth most common cancer in the world.

Medication Side Effects

Medications can occasionally cause side effects that can damage the soft tissue in the mouth. A side effect of some medications is dry mouth. A dry mouth can lead to gum disease.

Having a dry mouth can also make it harder to practice good oral hygiene. Without saliva, the gums tend to get inflamed and bleed more often.

Hormonal Changes

Hormonal changes during pregnancy, puberty, and menopause can cause an increase in the amount of plaque on your teeth and increase your risk of gum disease. During pregnancy, hormonal levels increase, which leads to an increase in the secretion of certain immune proteins. These immune proteins can irritate your gums, causing them to become swollen and red.

Grinding Your Teeth

Bruxism (teeth grinding) can be a cause of gum disease. Excessive teeth grinding (bruxism) wears down the tooth enamel and can lead to chips, cracks, and fractures. These damaged areas are susceptible to decay and infection.

Diet and Nutrition

Certain foods can aggravate the gums. For example, foods that are too sticky or too difficult to chew (such as candies and snacks) can make your gums more vulnerable to gum disease.

All Smile Dental is here to give you the best oral tips and help you restore your smile. You can book an appointment with our dentist in Turlock, CA, at the dental office by calling (209) 668-3736 or our dentist in Modesto, CA, at the dental office by calling (209) 409-8839.


1647 Countryside Dr, Turlock, CA 95380

Phone: (209) 668-3736

Email: allsmileturlock@gmail.com

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1100 Carver Rd. #5, Modesto, CA 95350

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